Paperwhite Narcissus – An Indoor Bulb

The paperwhite narcissus (Narcissus papyraceus) is  a type of daffodil that can be forced to bloom indoors during Colorado’s winter.

It is usually available in garden centers as soon as the spring bulbs are for sale.   The bulb can be planted in potting soil, or nestled in pebbles or glass marbles.  The pebbles help you arrange the bulbs and keep their “heads” above water.  You could use sea shells, plastic building blocks, plastic figures or animals — try anything that is waterproof.  The roots will grow down into the pebbles.  Pull the pebbles out of the roots when the bulb has finished blooming.

If you decide that a different container would work, the bulb will not suffer at all if you take it out and rearrange it.  You can also buy Paperwhite Kits with a pre-planted container.  All you do is add water.

The plants can grow to more than a foot tall.  Tie them loosely to a stick or tie them together as shown in the photo below (© Colorado State University Extension, Planttalk 1322.)    If the bulb receives bright, indirect sunlight it will not get quite as tall and “leggy”.

I like to put the bulb, marbles and water at the bottom of a tall glass cylinder. The vase contains the leaves and keeps them from toppling over. Once the bulb has bloomed you can choose to cut the bulb off the bottom and arrange the flowers in another vase.

Paperwhite narcissus

It takes 4 to 8 weeks for the bulbs to bloom.  In my experience they bloom quicker in the Fall and more slowly in late Winter.  If you start a new bulb every few weeks you will have continuous flowers.   The bulb blooms only once so throw the bulbs away when the flowers wilt.

WARNING: Their fragrance is very strong.  If you don’t like it – give it to the first visitor to admire the scent.  Or put them in a common area with a sign that says “Free” or “These flowers need a new home”.  You might make someone else’s day! 🙂

For more information go to the Colorado State University Extension Service, Planttalk #1322.

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